The concept of Model United Nations
The term Model United Nations (also Model UN or MUN) refers to simulations for high school and university students where the work of the United Nations (UN) is reenacted. For that, conferences are organized all over the world, mostly at high schools and universities, whose structure is based on that of the UN. The participants are accordingly high school and university students, who take the role of a delegate of one of the UN member states and will have to defend this country’s point of view, which is usually not the same as their personal opinion. The delegates then represent the position of “their” countries in the simulated committees (for example in the UN General Assembly or Human Rights Council). There, according to an agreed agenda, current international topics are discussed and draft resolutions are written. The delegates then try to find signatories (supporters) for their draft resolutions or try, through compromising (but always from the view of the country they are representing!), to get the support of other delegates/countries.
How it works
In order to maintain decorum, most Model UN committees use parliamentary procedure also known as the Rules of Procedure. In addition, recently the United Nations has spearheaded efforts to introduce new Model UN rules of procedure that are more closely aligned with those used by the actual UN. Since there is no governing body for MUNs, each conference differs in the rules of procedure. The following rules of procedure apply to general MUNs but may not apply to every MUN: Model United Nations conferences are usually organised by high school or university clubs, like MUNAM e. V.. MUNs are run by a group of administrators known as the dais. A dais is headed by a Secretary-General. Each committee usually has a chair (also known as president), a member of the dais that enforces the rules of procedure.